Several years ago, there was a wave of Thai films filmed in Japan, "Hashima, Project Don't Believe, Disrespect" starring Mike-Pirat Nitipaisarnkul. Made by humans with haunting stories like Hashima Island in Nagasaki Prefecture. Located in the east of superslot Kyushu Island
But did you know that Man-made islands in Nagasaki Prefecture Not only Hashima but only But there is also one other man-made island that is very important to Japan's trading history, the Dejima Island, which we will discuss today.
Origin of Dejima Island: Japan's gateway to Europe
In the year 1543 a group of Portuguese merchants. Being the first foreigners Who came to trade in Japan In which the area where the first business opened was Tanegashima Island Which is in the southern part of Kyushu Island And later moved to the Portuguese Chamber of Commerce in Hirado
Six years later, Francis Xavia, a missionary of the Jesuits. Came the way to Kagoshima To spread Christianity until the year 1570 Daimyo Omura Sumitada was converted to Catholicism. And made an agreement with the Portuguese to develop the Nagasaki coast And it was not long before the Yokoseura Port was opened. Later in 1580, Daimyo Omura Sumitada gave de facto mandate to the Jesuits and the Portuguese to monopolize the silk trade with China via Macau.
In 1634, Tokugawa Shogun Iemitsu, the third shogun of the Tokugawa family. Ordered that Dejima Island was built. By filling the sea into a fan-shaped island in Nagasaki Bay. Which has an area of ​​about 15,000 square meters to eliminate the Portuguese merchants. And monitor trade It also prevents the spread of Christianity by Portuguese missionaries in Japan.
In 1641 the Portuguese Chamber of Commerce in Hirado was transferred to Dejima Island. And it was the only place in Japan that could trade with the West at that time. And for more than 200 years, the Potuguese on Dejima Island have not allowed them to cross into Nagasaki. While the Japanese themselves are not allowed to cross to Dejima Island. Except for the prostitutes from the teahouse in Nagasaki only.
In the days of Shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune, this requirement was waived. To enable Japanese samurai to learn foreign cultures on Dejima Island. Dejima Island became known to the general Japanese as a medical center. Science and astronomy
Culture and food gradually It became popular in Japan through the samurai who learned it. It's badminton, billiards, coffee, piano, cabbage, tomato, and even dessert like chocolate.